In general we can say that the maintenance and care of paludariums is easier than that of aquariums. It is of no coincidence that it is now gaining momentum and industry supporters of the establishment and maintenance of “the swamp” along with the more familiar aquarium and terrarium.
Regular problems in maintain paludariums are algae and mold fungi, sometimes covering the surface of the substrate. They are not harmful to plants, delaying the film land and plant growth to be in violation of gas exchange processes and cause depression of plants, and it looks little it is a well-washed plants transplanted into the new soil and pot. If you do not run, this problem does not occur often enough, and easily solved by removing the upper layer of the substrate, along with the fledging colony of unwanted organisms.
Creating a decorative paludarium has one problem – the high humidity inside the decorative pot. When temperature difference inside and outside walls are covered condensate, which is unacceptable as looks very un-presentable. On this account to use vessels with strong ventilation or partially open. But this often leads to lower humidity inside the paludarium. The solution to this dilemma is in the use of modern technology: cloud heads, fountain, streams, etc. It is not difficult the only thing that should be taken into account, it must be used to improve the moisture-poor water to avoid salt stains on plants and decorative structure paludarium. But everything else – a matter of taste and opportunities for everyone.
A simple but very handy design is a paludarium with a removable front wall. This makes it easier to care for plants and to keep clean. The most practical material must be silicone glass; it is easily washed and does not warp over time, although fragile and heavier than acrylic / plastic. It should be borne in mind that the more volume, the bigger the paludarium the better the plants feel. This is due to more stable conditions and more gradual changes in temperature, humidity etc, when they occur. But keep in mind that you need to match the thickness of glass with the size of the structure. In a large paludarium there should be removable front wall, probably of several parts, and an additional front ceiling glass.
If the paludarium is set on a rack above aquariums, or in a temperature controlled room, additional heating is not necessary. It is necessary to make heating through aquarium temperature or flexible terrarium and weak umps for mixing water and equalize the temperate. Waterfalls can be used to stimulate this. Heating roots are very good for growing plants. The temperature in the paludarium should not be less than 24 to 26 degrees and should not exceed 30 to 35 degrees. If in the summer the temperature rises above, it is necessary to strengthen plant fertilizers and spray. At normal temperature is sufficient to spray plants 2 times a week while when using a weak solution of fertilizer you need to spray ever day, but not increasing the concentration of fertilizers.
Light sources should be outside the tank; fluorescent lamps are very good, and special lamps for growing plants can be used. These lamps have a range of red and purple parts, which enhances the process of photosynthesis, and improves the color of plants, especially the growing red shades. Many paludariums replicate rainforest streams, and do not need overly strong lighting. In such a habitat, natural light is heavily filtered by the forest canopy. The duration of coverage must be within 10 to 12 hours a day. Sometimes if you want to achieve long-flowering light of the day it is necessary to increase the time of the lights to 14 to 16 hours a day.
This wonderful 3 foot wide tank has a waterproof glass bottom, and adequate front window ventilation to keep the front glass clear. Although marketed as a Terrarium, it works as the perfect Paludarium. Front-opening doors, and removeable top for easy access and effective maintenance. Available in a wide range of sizes: with a larger surface area for ground/water dwelling species, or taller for leaf dwellers. Suitable for just about any paludarium inhabitant.
The top is equipped with closable inlets on both sides - this allows access for wires and tubing without offering an escape route for paludarium animals or the tiny invertebrates with which they are being fed. Suitable for powering Heat Wave rocks, waterfalls, filters and sensors, or injecting water through misting systems, external canister filters, etc.
All in all a great enclosure, providing a perfect environment for plants and animals, yet easy maintenance for the paludarium keeper. Available from Amazon and other good pet stores.