Paludariums differ from aquariums and terrariums in that they offer both land, water, and air for animals to live in. This means that nearly every different species of animals can live in a paludarium, depending specifically on the design and type of ecosystem the creator is trying to make when designing the paludarium. They can hold many different types of fauna including but not limited to fishes, amphibians, crustaceans, reptiles, and insects. I have even heard of people keeping birds and spiders inside paludariums, although this is not very typical. Most paludarium owners stick to amphibians or fishes. Common animals include killifish, guppies, poison dart frogs, tree frogs and newts.
The difficult part is finding a balanced ecosystem for the creatures to live in. Everything must be just right, humidity, flora, and even the type of chemicals you use when creating the paludarium. Many animals are carnivorous and will eat any type of animal that they can get their paws on, so you must do tons of research on each type of species if you plant to include multiple species. The amphibians cannot eat the fish or you will have wasted money and time, you must do a lot of research on each intended type of species that you wish to include in you’re paludarium setup. I have seen newts living in a paludarium specifically designed for them, it was a beautiful sight to behold. Common aquarium fish such as guppies can also live in paludariums with ease. Although when you mix species you are inviting disaster, species mixing often results in morbidity or morality of the animals you are trying to keep, often from toxin produced, pathogens, inappropriate environment for one of the species or worst of all carnivorous behavior. The animals that you can contain in youre paludarium also will depend on the size of the tank, obviously bigger animals need more room to live and if you want to have multiple animals you will need more room for each animal to have its own niche.
The best bet is to stick to one species per set-up, you are truly inviting your self to disaster if you try to mix species together. Another issue to consider is different species from different parts of the world has unique bacteria and if another species gets that bacterium it could die. The main way to prevent youre pets from dying is by doing youre research before hand on the type of environment that each species enjoys in nature and in captive areas, by doing this you can prevent a tragedy from happening.
This wonderful 3 foot wide tank has a waterproof glass bottom, and adequate front window ventilation to keep the front glass clear. Although marketed as a Terrarium, it works as the perfect Paludarium. Front-opening doors, and removeable top for easy access and effective maintenance. Available in a wide range of sizes: with a larger surface area for ground/water dwelling species, or taller for leaf dwellers. Suitable for just about any paludarium inhabitant.
The top is equipped with closable inlets on both sides - this allows access for wires and tubing without offering an escape route for paludarium animals or the tiny invertebrates with which they are being fed. Suitable for powering Heat Wave rocks, waterfalls, filters and sensors, or injecting water through misting systems, external canister filters, etc.
All in all a great enclosure, providing a perfect environment for plants and animals, yet easy maintenance for the paludarium keeper. Available from Amazon and other good pet stores.