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Paludarium

The word paludarium comes from the Latin words "paludal" meaning marshes or swamps and "arium" meaning a closed enclosure. These environments can represent a surplus of habitats including tropical rainforests, jungles, riverbanks, bogs, or even the beach. The Paludarium is like a mix between an aquarium and a terrarium, encompassing both water and land environments into a tank.

Killifish, like this Aphyosemion australe, make great Paludarium inhabitants
Poison Dart Frogs also thrive in a well set-up Paludarium

Small fish and amphibians make excellent paludarium dwellers. Shown here are a killifish, Aphyosemion australe and a poison dart frog, Dendrobates tinctorius

It is in many ways a housing and care system for living plants, and animals, but only when properly designed, built, planted and air conditioned. You can keep frogs (arrow poison frogs are a favourite), tropical fish, especially killifish, and lizards, and grow beautiful ferns, carnivorous plants and orchids to create a living biosphere. These tanks can be so beautiful and impressive the effort required and commitment in order to keep it going is incredible. As a long start-up time is necessary for the plants and animals to live closely, a Paludarium is a lengthy project that can be maintained for several years. A number of species of insects, crustaceans, amphibians and reptiles are added to the list of pets holders who own a paludarium, and on the possibilities of plant breeders- there is even more possibilities. In the wet atmosphere or shallow water plants bloom, grow and reproduce better than completely submerged condition.

According to its structure and purpose paludariums are usually solely for aesthetic reasons, but may also be used to accelerate reproduction and enhance growth of aquarium plants. Modern technology can create very complex paludariums with automated systems to maintain moisture, temperature, fertilizer treatment and management of light. This is not necessary, but will reduce the amount of (often considerable) effort required from the keeper.

A simple but very handy design is a paludarium with a removable front wall. This makes it easier to care for plants and to keep clean. The most practical material must be silicone glass; it is easily washed and does not warp over time, although fragile and heavier than organic glass. It should be borne into mind that the more volume, the bigger the paludarium the better the plants feel. This is due to more stable conditions and a smooth change to a greater extent. But keep in mind that you need to match the thickness of glass with the size of the structure. With great length there should be removable front wall of several parts, and install an additional front ceiling glass.

If the paludarium is set on a rack above aquariums, the additional heating is not necessary, as it has heat lamps located below the aquarium. It is necessary to make heating through aquarium temperature or flexible terrarium and weak umps for mixing water and equalize the temperate. Waterfalls can be used to stimulate this. Heating roots are very good for growing plants. The temperature in the paludarium should not be less than 24 to 26 degrees and should not exceed 30 to 35 degrees. If in the summer the temperature rises above, it is necessary to strengthen plant fertilizers and spray. At normal temperature is sufficient to spray plants 2 times a week while when using a weak solution of fertilizer you need to spray ever day, but not increasing the concentration of fertilizers.

Paludarium lighting should be outside the tank; fluorescent lamps are very good, but special lamps for growing plants can be used. These lamps have a range of red and purple parts, which enhances the process of photosynthesis, and improves the color of plants, especially the growing red shades. Many paludariums replicate rainforest streams, and do not need overly strong lighting. In such a habitat, natural light is heavily filtered by the forest canopy. The duration of coverage must be within 10 to 12 hours a day. Sometimes if you want to achieve long-flowering light of the day it is necessary to increase the time of the lights to 14 to 16 hours a day.






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